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How to improve your credit rating

Charl Grobler
By
July 31, 2017

How to improve your credit ratingBuying a car can be tough when you’ve been blacklisted, that’s why we’ve put together this handy guide to help you clean up your credit record.

Many South Africans are faced with the nightmare of trying to get finance once they’ve been blacklisted, or have outstanding judgements or defaults listed against their names. Bad credit can lead to steep interest rates, large down payments or, in worst case scenarios, your finance application could be declined.

As a general rule, it’s a good idea to check your credit score regularly. The National Credit Act 34 of 2005 entitles you to a free credit report annually. We recommend you take advantage of this service as it allows you to keep a finger on your financial pulse.

Some institutions that offer this service include:

What is a credit score?

Wikus Olivier from Debt Safe, a debt counselling service, writes, “the information retained by credit bureaus is regulated by the National Credit Act. Your credit profile is basically built from your credit history. The Act specifies how long this information may be kept on your credit profile. Payment history may be kept for two years. Adverse listings varies from 2-5 years. A judgement will typically be on your credit profile for 5 years”. He explains “all of these factors combine to make up your credit score”.  I think that Tranunsion is the best place to get a credit check, there is a small fee but it is a quality report.

Tips to help you keep your credit record clean:

  • Check your credit report with a fine toothed comb

    Discrepancies can and do happen. Make sure that all the accounts listed under your name do in fact belong to you and that details (like your ID number) are listed correctly. If you find a mistake, try to obtain a copy of your report from at least two other agencies. Compare all three reports to determine whether the error exists on all of them. If it does, you’ll need to dispute this with the credit bureaus to clear your name. Remember to keep following up until your report is correct.
  • Make sure all doctors bills are paid in full

    Unpaid medical bills are the leading cause of negative credit records. This is because patients rely on medical aid schemes to take care of their bills and are often unaware of outstanding amounts until they receive a legal letter.
  • Don’t open lots of accounts in close succession

    Opening several accounts in the same month could flag you as a high risk debtor.
  • Only open an account if you know you can afford the repayments

    Do a budgeting exercise each month to ensure that you know what you can afford to spend before making any purchases on credit. Your credit repayments should never exceed 30% of your monthly income. Aim to keep your credit repayments at below 20% of your monthly income.
  • If you suddenly find yourself in financial trouble, alert your creditors

    You’re unable to predict unfortunate circumstances like retrenchments or illness, and your creditors are aware of this. If you do find yourself in unfortunate circumstances, contact your creditors immediately. Your creditors don’t gain anything by having to blacklist you and are usually willing to negotiate new payment terms that allow you to honour your debt. Make sure that all new agreements are documented in writing, and ensure that you don’t default on the new repayment plan.
  • If you’ve run into financial trouble, don’t run up any more debt!

    Make sure you pay off everything you already owe before taking out any further loans.
  • A small balance looks better than a zero balance

    This might sound counterproductive, but having a small outstanding balance on an account shows potential creditors that you’re able to manage your accounts responsibly.
  • Don’t overextend yourself

    Whilst a small outstanding balance on an account can be helpful, having ten different accounts all with outstanding balances can raise a red flag to financial institutions. Try to limit yourself to just one or two accounts and make sure you keep the balances as low as possible by making regular, monthly payments.
  • Don’t max out your credit card or overdraft limit
    If you’re credit card is constantly maxed out, you have overextended yourself.
  • Late payments decrease your credit rating

    Pay your accounts on or before their due date. This will increase your credit rating and reflect positively on your credit history. This applies to all accounts, from retail accounts, to credit cards, personal loans, bond repayments and car finance. Every overdue payment slowly chips away at your credit score, and will result in defaults, judgement and ultimately blacklistings.
  • Review your accounts constantly

    If you have any mismanaged accounts with overdue amounts on them, make sure that you re-establish regular, timely payments on these accounts. This will slowly start to build up your credit rating again.

Clearing your credit record after blacklisting can be a long, stressful process, so it’s better to try and get your financial affairs in order as soon as you notice a problem.

Read  our post on  the 9 dumbest car financing mistakes you  can make and learn how  to keep your credit intact .

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